Gum disease can pose as a threat to the health of your teeth, and has also been linked to a number of other health problems. There are two pages of gum disease gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is caused through the build up or plaque and tartar. Bacteria then causes inflammation of the gums, resulting in red, sore, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can be reversed by daily brushing and flossing, along with regular dental check-ups.


Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is left untreated, resulting in inflammation around the tooth. This causes the gums to “pull away” from the teeth, causing pockets that become susceptible to infection. During this process, bacterial toxins and the enzymes produced from the immune system can cause a break down of the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. Teeth can eventually become loose and may need to be removed.

​Risk Factors

Risk factors for gum disease can include: smoking, diabetes, hormonal changes in women, stress, illnesses, medications, and genetic susceptibility.  You can help prevent gum disease through brushing your teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, eating a well balanced diet, not using tobacco products, and regular visits to your dentist.


Like many conditions, early intervention to treat gum diseases can help ensure the longevity of your teeth. Your dentist will examine your gums with a probe to measure the spaces between the tooth and gum. This will determine the health of your gums and supporting structures. If necessary, they will instruct you in tooth cleaning techniques or may clean your teeth to remove any plaque and calculus (hardened plaque).

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